Brannan, Janet - CS 5th Grade
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Chapter 4 European Settlements
1. Claim – something declared as one’s own, especially a piece of land
2. Armada – the Spanish word for a large fleet of ships
3. Invasion – an attack by an armed force to conquer another country
4. Charter – a document that gives certain freedoms to a person or group
5. Invest –to put money into something to try to make more money
6. Stock – a share of ownership in a company
7. Cash crop – a crop that people grow and sell to earn money
8. Indentured servant – someone who agreed to work for a number of years in exchange for a trip to
9. Pilgrim – a person who makes a long journey for religious reasons
10. Compact – an agreement
12. Diversity – the variety of people in a group
13. Tolerance – the respect for beliefs that are different from one’s own
14. Missionary – a person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs
15. The sea route that explorers looked for across N. America was known as the
16. French exploration:
a. Verrazano – east coast of
b. Cartier – St. Lawrence River in
c. Champlain – founded
17. Dutch exploration:
18. Francis Drake was an English sea captain who helped
20. The Virginia Co. started the colony of
21. John Smith was the leader of Jamestown, the first English settlement in America.
22. John Rolfe helped
a. growing the cash crop of tobacco (made a profit)
23. The Pilgrims came to America for religious freedom. They wrote the Mayflower Compact, the first written plan for government in North America.
24. The Pilgrims settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts.
25. Squanto and Massasoit helped the Pilgrims survive. They had a celebration feast after their first harvest (Thanksgiving).
26. William Bradford, governor of Plymouth, made peace with the Indians and wrote of their experiences.
27. The Puritans came to America for religious freedom. They settled in Boston.
28. The Dutch started the colony of New Netherland. Peter Minuet was the governor.
29. Peter Stuyvesant tried to restore order to New Amsterdam, but the English took over and renamed it New York.
30. France claimed much of North America in the 1600’s, but few settlers lived there.
31. Marquette and Jolliet traveled down the Mississippi River, building missions along the way.
32. LaSalle claimed the Mississippi River and all the land around it for France.